Introduction of Committees 委员会简介
AIMUN 2021 Committees and Topics
Ambassador Program 大使项目
Topic: Global Governance in the Post-Pandemic Era 后疫情时代的全球治理
The global outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has multi-levels of impact on countries around the world. Governments face challenges in coordinating and formulating strategic policies in the area of public health, economy and politics, and controlling the spread of virus across borders. Meanwhile, the COVID-19 pandemic also complicates some existing international issues. In the post-epidemic era, the existing global governance and international cooperation systems are in urgent need of new wisdom in the face of global governance challenges. In this committee, delegates will play the role of ambassadors to the United Nations and participate in the discussion of specific issues in each committee, and try to propose unique solutions and contribute their wisdom to the global governance system at a higher level.
United Nations Security Council 联合国安全理事会
Topic: The Situation in the Middle East amid COVID-19 新冠疫情下的中东局势
The spread of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Middle East complicates the already tense and chaotic situation in the region. The prolonged continuation of the pandemic has led to the continuation of strict blockade policies in various countries, resulting in depressed national economic performance and difficult life for vulnerable groups such as women, children, informal workers, and refugees. The economic difficulties have further intensified the existing political conflicts, the unrest in Syria and Yemen continues, and the tensions between Iran and Israel are escalating, while the U.S. acts as an extraterritorial power is also stirring up the regional situation. In this meeting, delegates will play the role of representatives of members of the UN Security Council, to consult on how to restore stability in the Middle East and maintain regional peace, and adopt a resolution aimed at addressing the current challenges.
United Nations General Assembly 联合国大会
Topic A: Restrictions on Unilateral Coercive Economic Measures 限制单边强制性经济措施
Topic B: Review of Global Health Partnerships 全球卫生伙伴关系评估
The UN General Assembly consists of two topics. Unilateral coercive economic measures refer to the act of one country forcing another country to accept a certain policy through economic means. Common means include economic sanctions and trade embargoes. Many countries, including China, have long called for an end to such measures, believing that they are contrary to international laws and can seriously affect a country’s economy and livelihood. Amid the pandemic, the consequences of unilateral coercive economic measures are of particular concern, with some countries such as Iran indicating that unilateral coercive economic measures have had a significant negative impact on efforts to combat the epidemic, with a particularly severe impact on people’s livelihoods. In this context, the question of how to limit unilateral coercive economic measures has become a very relevant issue.
Effective international health cooperation is of great significance. Timely and effective global cooperation can help reduce the risk of emerging sudden global health threats. Regarding global institutions’ emergency response to the situation, questions about whether WHO has been acting effectively to contain the situation were raised. Therefore, there is a need to review the effectiveness and efficiency of existing global health partnerships in dealing with the COVID-19 outbreak, to re-consider possible improvements in reporting and communicating mechanisms, and propose practical reforms. These issues have become topics of common concern to countries around the world. In this committee, delegates will play the role of representatives to the UN General Assembly and discuss the above two major issues, and adopt a resolution to address the current challenges.
United Nations General Assembly First Committee 联合国裁军审议委员会
Topic: Prevention of Arms Race in the Outer Space 外空军备竞赛的预防
Outer space is a common resource for all mankind. The peaceful uses of outer space align with the basic interests of all countries and the fundamental requirements of international peace. The UN General Assembly has adopted a series of treaties on outer space security, but there are still limitations in four key aspects: current focus is only on preventing the testing, deployment and use of weapons of mass destruction in outer space; the current discussion ignores the use of force or threat of force from Earth to outer space; gap yet to be filled after the abrogation of the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty; and the lack of provisions on universality. Currently, individual states seek to weaponize outer space, posing a threat to the common interests of the human community. For example, the growing amount of space debris is leading to an increasingly crowded and dangerous environment in the outer layers of the Earth; in deploying space weapons, the orbital groups of spacecraft can restrict access to other spacecraft, thus challenging the nature of outer space as a natural resource for all humanity, etc. In this conference, delegates will take on the role of representatives of states in the Disarmament Commission to discuss the peaceful uses of outer space and adopt a resolution aimed at addressing current challenges.
United Nations Economic and Social Council 联合国经济及社会理事会
Topic: COVID-19 Relief for Refugees 针对难民的疫情援助
Refugee communities face particular difficulties amid the COIVD-19 pandemic. In terms of economic status, refugees are often in a poor economic condition, which has been exacerbated by the recession caused by the pandemic, while many of them have no health care coverage; in terms of social status, refugees are often in a marginalized position and are vulnerable to the negative impact of xenophobia caused by the pandemic. In addition, a great number of refugees live in camps with high population density, poor sanitary conditions, and high transmission rates. The pandemic has brought new challenges to the long-standing efforts of a great number of international organizations to assist the refugee community. New methods and mechanisms are needed to effectively mitigate the impact of the pandemic on the refugee community. In this conference, delegates will play the role of representatives of members of the UN Economic and Social Council, with the aim of negotiating an international action plan to assist refugees.
Council of the European Union 欧盟理事会
Topic: Policy Coordination under Emergencies 紧急状态下的政策协调
Responding to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, the EU as a whole has failed to play its proper role in coordinating the fight against the pandemic in individual member states. For example, some member states announced the closure of borders between member states without coordinating with the EU, suspended exports of protective equipment, and even intercepted anti-pandemic supplies from other member states in the middle passage, raising new concerns within the EU about the future of integration. In the aftermath of the pandemic, member states may choose to strengthen EU leadership and coordinate public policies, or allow their authority to continue to fade, which determines the future direction of EU integration. In this committee, delegates will play the role of representatives of EU member states and key institutions in the negotiation and consultation process. The discussion will surround three dimensions, including the current state of EU public policy coordination, the problems of EU public policy coordination during the pandemic, and the obstacles to further strengthen EU public policy coordination.
CIS Ministerial Conference 独立国家联合体部长级会议
Topic: Political Coordination and Economic Cooperation 政治协调与经济合作机制
The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) has been controversial since its inception, and the direction of its development has oscillated between “integration” and “dis-integration”. At the same time, there are many disputes and complex relations among the CIS member states, and there are both centripetal and centrifugal forces. By maintaining better relations with Russia, Central Asian and Eastern European countries can raise their voice in the international arena. From an economic perspective, the CIS countries are in close proximity to each other, and regional economic integration will bring corresponding benefits. This is the centripetal force that promotes CIS integration. However, the effectiveness of its various policy planning has been limited due to the persistence of various conflicts of interests within the CIS. Therefore, in order to chart a course for the future of the CIS, the participating delegates will play the role of representatives of CIS member states and important sectors for negotiations and consultations, and will discuss issues such as collaboration on intra-regional division of labor, tariffs and market access, and trade preferences, etc.
ASEAN 10+6 Ministerial Conference 东盟10+6部长级会议
Topic: RCEP and Regional Economic Integration RCEP协定与区域经济一体化
In November 2020, the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (RCEP) was officially signed by fifteen countries, including China and Japan. The negotiations on this agreement were initiated by ASEAN, with a time span of eight years in total. After major turmoil such as India’s withdrawal from the negotiations, the RCEP was finally adopted with the active promotion from China and other parties. RCEP will become the FTA with the largest economic volume and the largest population coverage in practice, causing far-reaching impacts on the world economic and trade landscape. At this point, countries need to further clarify the specific roadmap for the implementation of the agreement, with a focus on how to maintain the normal functioning of regional cross-border supply chains amid the pandemic, and how to prevent the impact of political and diplomatic relations turmoil on normal trade and economic exchanges. In addition, this committee will discuss how to support India and other interested countries to join the agreement. Delegates will play the role of negotiators from the ASEAN 10+6 countries to discuss the above-mentioned topics and work towards the adoption of a joint statement that reflects the consensus of all parties.
Convention on Biological Diversity COP 15 《生物多样性公约》第十五次缔约方大会
Topic: Review of Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework
In recent years, the global ecological environment continues to deteriorate. Biodiversity loss is a direct result of human activity and constitutes a significant threat to human well-being in all regions of the world. Since the successful conclusion of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 1992, successive Conferences of the Parties have adopted the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and the Nagoya Protocol, which have established norms for biosafety standards and access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing. However, the rate of biodiversity loss remains alarming and further targets are yet to be set and reached. In 2021, the 15th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 15) will be held in Kunming, China. It is one of China’s largest and most anticipated diplomatic events. This meeting will serve as a precursor to the official Conference, inviting young students from all over China to play the role of members of the negotiating delegations in an attempt to negotiate and review the “post-2020 global biodiversity framework”.
Main Press Center 主新闻中心
Main Press Center (MPC) is a unique component of the Model United Nations system that is composed of diversified media that reports on the progress of the meeting in real-time, which consistently adheres to the principle of respecting facts and constantly explores more possibilities. As the fourth estate, MPC contributes to the agenda and result of the meetings in all Committees. In AIMUN 2021, MPC journalists will track the dynamics in all Committees and release the regular newsletter AIMUN Daily in the morning on every conference day.
主新闻中心（简称 MPC）是模拟联合国体系的一个特殊委员会，它由多样化的媒体组成，负责实时报道会议进展情况。主新闻中心始终坚持尊重事实的原则，并在此基础上不断探索更多的可能性。在大会期间，媒体将为各个委员会推动会议进程和形成会议成果作出贡献。AIMUN 2021大会中，MPC各位记者将全程跟踪每个委员会的讨论，并于每日上午面向大会全体代表发布AIMUN Daily。